MASES.JNet 2.4.0

There is a newer version of this package available.
See the version list below for details.
dotnet add package MASES.JNet --version 2.4.0
NuGet\Install-Package MASES.JNet -Version 2.4.0
This command is intended to be used within the Package Manager Console in Visual Studio, as it uses the NuGet module's version of Install-Package.
<PackageReference Include="MASES.JNet" Version="2.4.0" />
For projects that support PackageReference, copy this XML node into the project file to reference the package.
paket add MASES.JNet --version 2.4.0
#r "nuget: MASES.JNet, 2.4.0"
#r directive can be used in F# Interactive and Polyglot Notebooks. Copy this into the interactive tool or source code of the script to reference the package.
// Install MASES.JNet as a Cake Addin
#addin nuget:?package=MASES.JNet&version=2.4.0

// Install MASES.JNet as a Cake Tool
#tool nuget:?package=MASES.JNet&version=2.4.0

title: Usage Java/JVM suite for .NET _description: Describes how to use JNet, set-up environment, identify the JVM and write good code

JNet usage

To use JNet classes the developer can write code in .NET using the same classes available in the official Java packages. If classes or methods are not available yet it is possible to use the approach synthetized in What to do if an API was not yet implemented

Environment setup

JNet accepts many command-line switches to customize its behavior. The full list is available at Command line switch page.

JVM identification

One of the most important command-line switch is JVMPath and it is available in JCOBridge switches: it can be used to set-up the location of the JVM library (jvm.dll/libjvm.so) if JCOBridge is not able to identify a suitable JRE installation. If a developer is using JNet within its own product it is possible to override the JVMPath property with a snippet like the following one:

    class MyJNetCore : JNetCore
    {
        public override string JVMPath
        {
            get
            {
                string pathToJVM = "Set here the path to JVM library or use your own search method";
                return pathToJVM;
            }
        }
    }

IMPORTANT NOTE: pathToJVM shall be escaped

  1. string pathToJVM = "C:\\Program Files\\Eclipse Adoptium\\jdk-11.0.18.10-hotspot\\bin\\server\\jvm.dll";
  2. string pathToJVM = @"C:\Program Files\Eclipse Adoptium\jdk-11.0.18.10-hotspot\bin\server\jvm.dll";

Special initialization conditions

JCOBridge try to identify a suitable JRE/JDK installation within the system using some standard mechanism of JRE/JDK: JAVA_HOME environment variable or Windows registry if available. However it is possible, on Windows operating systems, that the library raises an InvalidOperationException: Missing Java Key in registry: Couldn't find Java installed on the machine. This means that neither JAVA_HOME nor Windows registry contains information about a default installed JRE/JDK: some vendors may not setup them. If the developer/user encounter this condition can do the following steps:

  1. On a command prompt execute set | findstr JAVA_HOME and verify the result;
  2. If something was reported maybe the JAVA_HOME environment variable is not set at system level, but at a different level like user level which is not visible from the JNet process that raised the exception;
  3. Try to set JAVA_HOME at system level e.g. JAVA_HOME=C:\Program Files\Eclipse Adoptium\jdk-11.0.18.10-hotspot\;
  4. Try to set JCOBRIDGE_JVMPath at system level e.g. JCOBRIDGE_JVMPath=C:\Program Files\Eclipse Adoptium\jdk-11.0.18.10-hotspot\.

IMPORTANT NOTES:

  • One of JCOBRIDGE_JVMPath or JAVA_HOME environment variables or Windows registry (on Windows OSes) shall be available
  • JCOBRIDGE_JVMPath environment variable takes precedence over JAVA_HOME and Windows registry: you can set JCOBRIDGE_JVMPath to C:\Program Files\Eclipse Adoptium\jdk-11.0.18.10-hotspot\bin\server\jvm.dll and avoid to override JVMPath in your code
  • After first initialization steps, JVMPath takes precedence over JCOBRIDGE_JVMPath/JAVA_HOME environment variables or Windows registry

Basic example

Below a basic example which demonstrates how to create a program based on JNet and some other features available like generics and exception handling. Within the program the comments try to explain how the code works.

using Java.Util;
using MASES.JNet.Extensions;
using System.Diagnostics;
using Java.Lang;

namespace MASES.JNetExample
{
    // this class defines a concrete implementation of JNetCore<>
    class MyJNetCore : JNetCore<MyJNetCore>
    { 
    }

    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            // the first step is mandatory: 
            // it invokes the method CreateGlobalInstance to allocate the JVM and prepares the environment
            MyJNetCore.CreateGlobalInstance();
            // at the end of initialization the arguments in the command line not used from JNet (and JCOBridge) 
            // are available to be used like any developer does with the args in the Main 
            var appArgs = MyJNetCore.FilteredArgs;

            // now we go into .NET/JVM interaction based on generics
            try
            {
                // in the first step the code allocates a java.util.Set<String> within the JVM using the java.util.Collections class
                // and returns a Java.Util.Set<string> in .NET
                Java.Util.Set<string> set = Collections.Singleton("test");

                // then the code tries to Add a new value if it is available in command-line, 
                // but we expect the JVM raises an exception
                if (appArgs.Length != 0) set.Add(appArgs[0]);
            }
            // if the Add is invoked the operation on java.util.Set<String> cannot be performed 
            // because Collections.Singleton returns an immutable java.util.Set<String>
            // see https://docs.oracle.com/en/java/javase/11/docs/api/java.base/java/util/Collections.html#singleton(T))
            catch (UnsupportedOperationException) 
            {
                // so we enter here because the engine translates the Java exception in an equivalent exception managed from C#
                System.Console.WriteLine("Operation not supported as expected");
            }
            // this piece of code is for any convenience because we want a clean close of the application
            catch (System.Exception ex) { System.Console.WriteLine(ex.Message); }
        }
    }
}

Avoid Java.Lang.NullPointerException writing a good code

Sometime during execution a Java.Lang.NullPointerException can be raised and seems there isn't neither a real problem in the .NET code you wrote nor a specific pattern or time when it is raised. The problem is behind the scene and it is correlated on how Garbage Collector and code optimizer works. In the code of the previous chapter the Collections.Singleton("test") creates an object which is used from set.Add(appArgs[0]) and in this case the Garbage Collector does not retires the object. Considering the following code snippet:

using Java.Util;
using MASES.JNet.Extensions;
using System.Diagnostics;
using Java.Lang;

namespace MASES.JNetExample
{
    class MyJNetCore : JNetCore<MyJNetCore> { }

    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            MyJNetCore.CreateGlobalInstance();
            try
            {
                Java.Util.Set<string> set = Collections.Singleton("test");
                ArrayList<string> arrayList = new();
                arrayList.AddAll(0, set); // this point can raise Java.Lang.NullPointerException
            }
            catch (System.Exception ex) { System.Console.WriteLine(ex.Message); }
        }
    }
}

the Collections.Singleton("test") ends its life, from .NET point of view, when arrayList.AddAll(0, set) is invoked:

  • Java.Util.Set<string> is a .NET container for JVM java.util.Set<String>
  • arrayList.AddAll(0, set) receives the Java.Util.Set<string> instance and sends to JVM the reference to java.util.Set<String> of JVM
  • from .NET point of view Java.Util.Set<string> has ended its life and can be retired because does not have any other root referencing it
  • .NET Garbage Collector activates arbitrarily when some conditions meet: https://learn.microsoft.com/en-us/dotnet/standard/garbage-collection/

Most of the time the code above works without problem, but sometimes the JVM can raise a Java.Lang.NullPointerException because Java.Util.Set<string> was retired from .NET GC.

To solve the issue, and force the GC to not retire the instance, there are some possible code snippet a developer can follows:

using or try-finally with Dispose patterns

All classes implements IDisposable interface, the code snippet becomes:

using Java.Util;
using MASES.JNet.Extensions;
using System.Diagnostics;
using Java.Lang;

namespace MASES.JNetExample
{
    class MyJNetCore : JNetCore<MyJNetCore> { }

    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            MyJNetCore.CreateGlobalInstance();
            try
            {
                using (Java.Util.Set<string> set = Collections.Singleton("test"))
                {
                    ArrayList<string> arrayList = new();
                    arrayList.AddAll(0, set);
                }
            }
            catch (System.Exception ex) { System.Console.WriteLine(ex.Message); }
        }
    }
}

or

using Java.Util;
using MASES.JNet.Extensions;
using System.Diagnostics;
using Java.Lang;

namespace MASES.JNetExample
{
    class MyJNetCore : JNetCore<MyJNetCore> { }

    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            MyJNetCore.CreateGlobalInstance();
            try
            {
                Java.Util.Set<string> set = null;
                try
                {
                    set = Collections.Singleton("test");
                    ArrayList<string> arrayList = new();
                    arrayList.AddAll(0, set);
                }
                finally { set?.Dispose(); }
            }
            catch (System.Exception ex) { System.Console.WriteLine(ex.Message); }
        }
    }
}

SuppressFinalize/ReRegisterForFinalize pattern

Over every .NET object can be invoke the SuppressFinalize, the code snippet becomes:

using Java.Util;
using MASES.JNet.Extensions;
using System.Diagnostics;
using Java.Lang;

namespace MASES.JNetExample
{
    class MyJNetCore : JNetCore<MyJNetCore> { }

    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            MyJNetCore.CreateGlobalInstance();
            try
            {
                Java.Util.Set<string> set = Collections.Singleton("test");
                try
                {
                    System.GC.SuppressFinalize(set);
                    ArrayList<string> arrayList = new();
                    arrayList.AddAll(0, set);
                }
                finally { System.GC.ReRegisterForFinalize(set); }
            }
            catch (System.Exception ex) { System.Console.WriteLine(ex.Message); }
        }
    }
}
Product Compatible and additional computed target framework versions.
.NET net6.0 is compatible.  net6.0-android was computed.  net6.0-ios was computed.  net6.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net6.0-macos was computed.  net6.0-tvos was computed.  net6.0-windows was computed.  net7.0 is compatible.  net7.0-android was computed.  net7.0-ios was computed.  net7.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net7.0-macos was computed.  net7.0-tvos was computed.  net7.0-windows was computed.  net8.0 is compatible.  net8.0-android was computed.  net8.0-browser was computed.  net8.0-ios was computed.  net8.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net8.0-macos was computed.  net8.0-tvos was computed.  net8.0-windows was computed. 
.NET Framework net462 is compatible.  net463 was computed.  net47 was computed.  net471 was computed.  net472 was computed.  net48 was computed.  net481 was computed. 
Compatible target framework(s)
Included target framework(s) (in package)
Learn more about Target Frameworks and .NET Standard.

NuGet packages (2)

Showing the top 2 NuGet packages that depend on MASES.JNet:

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MASES.KNet

Core of .NET suite for Apache Kafka. KNet is a comprehensive .NET suite for Apache Kafka providing all features: Producer, Consumer, Admin, Streams, Connect, backends (ZooKeeper and Kafka).

MASES.JNetPSCore

JNetPSCore - JNet (Java/JVM suite for .NET) PowerShell base library

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Version Downloads Last updated
2.5.0 13,665 5/14/2024
2.4.0 153,814 2/29/2024
2.3.0 931 2/20/2024
2.2.5 58,939 1/30/2024
2.2.4 48,594 1/27/2024
2.2.3 1,970 1/24/2024
2.2.2 1,215 1/24/2024
2.2.1 12,518 1/20/2024
2.2.0 1,516 1/17/2024
2.1.1 2,195 12/18/2023
2.1.0 92,789 11/25/2023
2.0.2 47,532 10/18/2023
2.0.1 194,902 7/11/2023
2.0.0 36,977 7/5/2023
1.5.5 56,613 5/5/2023
1.5.4 45,929 4/16/2023
1.5.3 32,631 4/10/2023
1.5.2 64,884 3/13/2023
1.5.1 55,268 2/9/2023
1.5.0 892 2/8/2023
1.4.15 143,966 11/21/2022
1.4.14 1,343 11/9/2022
1.4.13 982 11/9/2022
1.4.12 19,897 10/30/2022
1.4.11 1,078 10/27/2022
1.4.8 19,544 10/20/2022
1.4.7 1,074 10/13/2022
1.4.6 236,268 8/18/2022
1.4.5 1,088 8/5/2022
1.4.4 1,129 6/19/2022
1.4.3 34,524 5/19/2022
1.4.2 1,354 5/7/2022
1.4.1 1,110 4/29/2022
1.4.0 945 4/13/2022
1.3.0 5,520 3/28/2022
1.2.0 904 3/25/2022
1.1.1 1,310 3/19/2022
1.1.0 865 3/19/2022
1.0.0 899 3/19/2022