pvWay.MsSqlSemaphore.nc6.abstractions 1.0.0

.NET 6.0
dotnet add package pvWay.MsSqlSemaphore.nc6.abstractions --version 1.0.0
NuGet\Install-Package pvWay.MsSqlSemaphore.nc6.abstractions -Version 1.0.0
This command is intended to be used within the Package Manager Console in Visual Studio, as it uses the NuGet module's version of Install-Package.
<PackageReference Include="pvWay.MsSqlSemaphore.nc6.abstractions" Version="1.0.0" />
For projects that support PackageReference, copy this XML node into the project file to reference the package.
paket add pvWay.MsSqlSemaphore.nc6.abstractions --version 1.0.0
#r "nuget: pvWay.MsSqlSemaphore.nc6.abstractions, 1.0.0"
#r directive can be used in F# Interactive and Polyglot Notebooks. Copy this into the interactive tool or source code of the script to reference the package.
// Install pvWay.MsSqlSemaphore.nc6.abstractions as a Cake Addin
#addin nuget:?package=pvWay.MsSqlSemaphore.nc6.abstractions&version=1.0.0

// Install pvWay.MsSqlSemaphore.nc6.abstractions as a Cake Tool
#tool nuget:?package=pvWay.MsSqlSemaphore.nc6.abstractions&version=1.0.0

Ms SQL Semaphore Service for .Net Core 6 by pvWay

This nuGet implements a tiny semaphore service based on a Ms SQL database.

Pre-conditions for this service to work properly

The connection string provided should allow crudding rows into/from a table that should conform to the following DDL.

Log table definition example

CREATE TABLE [app].[AppSemaphore]
	[Name]			VARCHAR(50)		NOT NULL,
	[Owner]			VARCHAR(128)	NOT NULL,
	[CreateDateUtc]	DATETIME		NOT NULL,

	CONSTRAINT [PK_app.AppSemaphore] 



The Name column is used for identifying the semaphore. This is VARCHAR 50 column


The Owner column is used for identifying the owner of the metaphore. It is usually populated with the Environment.MachineName value but you can use any value. This is VARCHAR 128 column


This stores the UTC timestamp of the creation of the semaphore


This stores the UTC timestamp of the lastupdate of the semaphore

Work principle

Acquiring the semaphore

The service tries to insert a row into the Semaphore table in the DB. The name of the semaphore is used for populating the "Name" column in the table. The "Name" column is actually a primary key. As such when the INSERT command executes, it fails if there is already one row in the Db with the same semaphore name.

Releasing the semaphore

Releasing a semaphore is implemented as a simple DELETE for the corresponding row in the Db.

Touching the semaphore

When acquiring a semaphore you need to pass the onwer name and a timeout timespan.

The timeout value corresponds to the max life time allowed since the last touch for a given semaphore.

When another process tries to acquire the semaphore and the life time is above the timeout the semaphore is automatically released so that a died process will not lock a semaphore forever.


using pvWay.MsSqlSemaphore.nc6.Services;

Console.WriteLine("Hello, Db Semaphore!");

const string connectionString =
    "Data Source=localhost;Initial Catalog=iota800_dev;integrated security=True;MultipleActiveResultSets=True;";

var dbSemaphoreService = new SemaphoreService(
    "app", "AppSemaphore",

// let's release any existing Semaphore before beginning
await dbSemaphoreService.ReleaseSemaphoreAsync();

// Acquire the semaphore
// the semaphore was release in the above line
// as such acquiring the semaphore should succeed
await dbSemaphoreService.AcquireSemaphoreAsync(
    Environment.MachineName, TimeSpan.FromSeconds(1));

// Try acquiring a second time
// the semaphore was created with a timeout of 1 second
// as such acquiring the semaphore should not succeed
// because the semaphore is still in use
await dbSemaphoreService.AcquireSemaphoreAsync(
    Environment.MachineName, TimeSpan.FromSeconds(1));

// extend the life time of the semaphore by touching its
// last update date
await dbSemaphoreService.TouchSemaphoreAsync();

// let's display the semaphore values
var semaphore = await dbSemaphoreService.GetSemaphoreAsync();
Console.WriteLine($"semaphore {semaphore!.Owner} last updated {semaphore!.LastTouchUtcDate}");

// sleep 2 second so that the semaphore expires

// Try acquiring a third time
// the semaphore expired 
// as such the acquiring method will force release it
// warning: the semaphore is not acquired at this stage
await dbSemaphoreService.AcquireSemaphoreAsync(
    Environment.MachineName, TimeSpan.FromSeconds(1));

// acquiring the released semaphore
// the semaphore was forced release at the previous step
// as such acquiring it again will succeed
await dbSemaphoreService.AcquireSemaphoreAsync(
    Environment.MachineName, TimeSpan.FromSeconds(1));

// finally release the semaphore
await dbSemaphoreService.ReleaseSemaphoreAsync();

Happy coding

Product Versions
.NET net6.0 net6.0-android net6.0-ios net6.0-maccatalyst net6.0-macos net6.0-tvos net6.0-windows net7.0 net7.0-android net7.0-ios net7.0-maccatalyst net7.0-macos net7.0-tvos net7.0-windows
Compatible target framework(s)
Additional computed target framework(s)
Learn more about Target Frameworks and .NET Standard.
  • net6.0

    • No dependencies.

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A tiny SQL based semaphore service based on Ms SQL database

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Version Downloads Last updated
1.0.0 145 1/30/2023