Timingz 2.0.1

.NET 6.0
dotnet add package Timingz --version 2.0.1
NuGet\Install-Package Timingz -Version 2.0.1
This command is intended to be used within the Package Manager Console in Visual Studio, as it uses the NuGet module's version of Install-Package.
<PackageReference Include="Timingz" Version="2.0.1" />
For projects that support PackageReference, copy this XML node into the project file to reference the package.
paket add Timingz --version 2.0.1
#r "nuget: Timingz, 2.0.1"
#r directive can be used in F# Interactive and Polyglot Notebooks. Copy this into the interactive tool or source code of the script to reference the package.
// Install Timingz as a Cake Addin
#addin nuget:?package=Timingz&version=2.0.1

// Install Timingz as a Cake Tool
#tool nuget:?package=Timingz&version=2.0.1


Timingz Logo

Continuous Integration Coverage Status CodeQL Nuget License: MIT Open in VS Code

Timingz is an ASP.NET Core middleware implementation for recording and communicating backend server metrics as outlined in the Server Timing specification. These timings can be viewed using the browser's developer tools and accessed using the PerformanceServerTiming interface.

alt Timing


  • Default configuration gives priority to security and functionality must be explicitly enabled to avoid exposing potentially sensitive information
  • Features can be toggled at the individual request level using any information available in the HttpContext of the request:
    • Enable/disable writing of the Server-Timing header
    • Include metric descriptions in the header or exclude to reduce size
    • Include only the total request duration or add custom metrics for more detail
  • Different types of metrics are available to cater for a range of usage scenarios:
    • Manaul metrics can be manually started and stopped multiple times
    • Disposable metrics can be wrapped in a using statement with the duration captured at the end of the statement block
    • Marker metrics do not contain a duration but can indicate significant events like a cache miss occuring
    • Precalculated metrics can record values captured from an existing timing mechanism
  • Metrics can be validated to highlight logic errors that could lead to invalid and misleading timings being recorded
  • In addition to being sent in the Server-Timing header, metrics captured during the request can also be sent to another service or metrics package after the request has been completed
  • Integration with the .NET Activity API and OpenTelemtry .NET allows existing Activity based metrics to be included in the Server-Timing header and exported to OpenTelemetry exporters
  • The Timing-Allow-Origin header can be included with configurable domains
  • Durations are measured with the best available platform API using the Perfolizer (Performance analysis toolkit) library
  • Header values are written using the ZString (Zero Allocation StringBuilder) library to minimise memory allocations

Getting started

Install the Timingz package from NuGet into your ASP.NET Core web application using your preferred mechanism.

PowerShell Command:

Install-Package Timingz

.NET Core CLI:

dotnet add package Timingz

Update ConfigureServices in your Startup class or host builder to include a call to the AddServerTiming extension method on IServiceCollection. This will add the required services to the DI container and make the IServerTiming service available to your code. You can also register your own IServerTimingCallback implementations here with the appropriate service lifetime.

// This call is mandatory.

// This call is only required if you have callback services.
services.AddSingleton<IServerTimingCallback, SampleServerTimingCallback>();

Update Configure in your Startup class or host builder to include a call to the UseServerTiming extension method on IApplicationBuilder. This will add the middleware to the ASP.NET Core pipeline and should be added before UseEndpoints if present. The UseServerTiming method accepts a callback for you to configure the options. Some options are global and others are specific to individual requests.

// Add the middleware before UseEndpoints.
app.UseServerTiming(options =>
    // Configure the per-request options.
    options.WithRequestTimingOptions((httpContext, requestOptions) =>
        // The use of a query string parameter is only for demonstration.
        var query = httpContext.Request.Query;

        // Enable/disable the Server-Timing header.
        requestOptions.WriteHeader = query.ContainsKey("timing");

        // Enable/disable the inclusion of descriptions in the header.
        requestOptions.IncludeDescriptions = query.ContainsKey("desc");

        // Enable/disable the inclusion of custom metric values.
        requestOptions.IncludeCustomMetrics = query.ContainsKey("custom");

    // Add any required domains for the Timing-Allow-Origin header.
    options.TimingAllowOrigins = new[] {"http://example.com"};

    // Enable/disable the invocation of callback services.
    options.InvokeCallbackServices = true;

    // Enable/disable the validation of metrics.
    options.ValidateMetrics = env.IsDevelopment();

Using the IServerTiming service

The IServerTiming service is added with a ServiceLifetime of Scoped resulting in a new instance being created for each HTTP request. This allows the same service instance to be injected into different services used during processing of the HTTP request. The IServerTiming service should not be injected into services that that have a ServiceLifetime of Singleton to avoid a captive dependency.

The service is safe to use from multiple threads during a request but a metric for a given name can only be added once. An attempt to create a metric with a duplicate name will result in an exception being thrown.


The Marker method is used to add a metric that has a name but does not include a duration. These metrics are used like tags that indicate something of importance such as a cache miss occuring.

serverTiming.Marker("miss", "Cache miss");


The Manaul method returns a metric that can be manually started and stopped multiple times. This allows you to add up the total duration for an activity that is interspersed between other calls.

var databaseMetric = serverTiming.Manual("db", "Database queries");

// The first database query.

// Some other code.

// The second database query.


The Disposable method returns a metric that is already started and will have its duration recorded at the end of a using statement block. This is useful when the code being measured occurs with in a single section of code.

using (serverTiming.Disposable("bus", "Send notification to bus"))
    // Send notification to bus.


The Precalculated method is used to record a metric that has been captured using a separate mechansim such as another metrics package. This allows you to continue using an existing metrics package and have its values included in the Server-Timing header.

var duration = GetTimingFromOtherPackage();
serverTiming.Precalculated("external", duration, "External metric timing");


This method returns a list of the recorded metrics and can be used for debugging purposes.

It should be noted that if the total request duration metric is enabled this will not be present until the HTTP response has started.

var metrics = serverTiming.GetMetrics();
foreach (var metric in metrics)
    await Console.Out.WriteLineAsync(
        $"- Name: {metric.Name}, Description: {metric.Description}, Duration: {metric.Duration}");

Integration the .NET Activity API

Create a singleton ActivitySource that you can reuse throughout your application/library following these instructions.

internal static class Telemetry
    internal static readonly ActivitySource Source = new("MySource");

Add the ActivitySource names that should be monitored to the ActivitySources on the ServerTimingOptions.

// Add the Activity Source that should be monitored for AddServerTiming calls. 

When using an Activity the AddServerTiming extension method can be called to include the duration in the Server-Timing header.

using (Telemetry.Source.StartActivity("Database").AddServerTiming("Queries and caching"))
    // Perform database operations and cache results

The metric name in the Server-Timing header will be the Name of the Activity. You can provide a description for the metric in the header by passing a value for the optional description parameter on the AddServerTiming extension method.

In the example above the resulting metric in the Server-Timing header would be named Database and have a desc of Queries and caching.

Database;dur=94.4693;desc="Queries and caching"

The services required for Activity monitoring are added when calling AddServerTiming on the IServiceCollection. This call is still required even when not using the IServerTiming service directly.


Implementing an IServerTimingCallback service

A callback service needs to implement the IServerTimingCallback interface which has a single OnServerTiming method. This method receives a ServerTimingEvent instance with properties for the HttpContext and a list of IMetric instances. The list will contain all recorded IMetric instances with their descriptions, including custom metrics, and regardless if descriptions and custom metrics were configured to be included in the Server-Timing header. This allows you to capture these metrics in another service or package even if you did not want them send them in the Server-Timing header.

public class SampleServerTimingCallback : IServerTimingCallback, IAsyncDisposable
    public async Task OnServerTiming(ServerTimingEvent serverTimingEvent)
        var displayUrl = serverTimingEvent.Context.DisplayUrl;
        var metrics = serverTimingEvent.Metrics;
        await Console.Out.WriteLineAsync($"Server-Timing for {displayUrl} has {metrics.Count} metrics");

        foreach (var metric in metrics)
            await Console.Out.WriteLineAsync(
                $"Name: {metric.Name}, Description: {metric.Description}, Duration: {metric.Duration}");

    public async ValueTask DisposeAsync() => await Console.Out.WriteLineAsync("Disposing callback");

Sample output from the above callback service.

Server-Timing for http://localhost:5000/api/sample?timing&desc&custom has 6 metrics:
- Name: external, Description: External metric timing, Duration: 25
- Name: miss, Description: Cache miss, Duration:
- Name: cache, Description: Cache writes, Duration: 39.321600000000004
- Name: db, Description: Database queries, Duration: 61.916700000000006
- Name: total, Description: Total, Duration: 166.9794
- Name: bus, Description: Send notification to bus, Duration: 22.0557
Disposing callback

Postman Visualizer

The browser developer tools have a built-in visualization for metrics in the Server-Timing header but often API requests are tested in a tool such as Postman. The sample folder contains a Postman collection with a visualizer that allows metrics to be visualized in a horizontal bar chart similar to that found in the browser developer tools.

Click the Visualize button when viewing the response body in Postman to see the chart. The visualizer is applied at the collection level and will work with all requests in that collection. You can override the collection level visualizer for a specific request using the pm.visualizer.set method.

The visualizer will display a message when the response does not contain a Server-Timing header or no values are present in the header. Metrics that have a name but no duration are listed at the top of the visualization to provide context for the values in the chart.

alt Postman Visualizer


Icon made by Freepik from www.flaticon.com

Product Compatible and additional computed target framework versions.
.NET net6.0 is compatible.  net6.0-android was computed.  net6.0-ios was computed.  net6.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net6.0-macos was computed.  net6.0-tvos was computed.  net6.0-windows was computed.  net7.0 was computed.  net7.0-android was computed.  net7.0-ios was computed.  net7.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net7.0-macos was computed.  net7.0-tvos was computed.  net7.0-windows was computed. 
Compatible target framework(s)
Additional computed target framework(s)
Learn more about Target Frameworks and .NET Standard.

NuGet packages

This package is not used by any NuGet packages.

GitHub repositories

This package is not used by any popular GitHub repositories.

Version Downloads Last updated
2.0.1 901 3/6/2023
2.0.0 165 3/1/2023
1.0.1 12,315 8/7/2022
1.0.0 330 8/7/2022
0.3.1 19,241 11/9/2021
0.3.0 3,335 9/12/2021
0.2.0 1,880 8/7/2021
0.1.4 3,257 6/17/2021
0.1.3 283 5/23/2021
0.1.2 3,788 2/28/2021
0.1.1 1,894 6/20/2020
0.1.0 522 6/20/2020