Confluent.Kafka 2.4.0

dotnet add package Confluent.Kafka --version 2.4.0
NuGet\Install-Package Confluent.Kafka -Version 2.4.0
This command is intended to be used within the Package Manager Console in Visual Studio, as it uses the NuGet module's version of Install-Package.
<PackageReference Include="Confluent.Kafka" Version="2.4.0" />
For projects that support PackageReference, copy this XML node into the project file to reference the package.
paket add Confluent.Kafka --version 2.4.0
#r "nuget: Confluent.Kafka, 2.4.0"
#r directive can be used in F# Interactive and Polyglot Notebooks. Copy this into the interactive tool or source code of the script to reference the package.
// Install Confluent.Kafka as a Cake Addin
#addin nuget:?package=Confluent.Kafka&version=2.4.0

// Install Confluent.Kafka as a Cake Tool
#tool nuget:?package=Confluent.Kafka&version=2.4.0

Confluent's .NET Client for Apache Kafka<sup>TM</sup>

Build status Chat on Slack

confluent-kafka-dotnet is Confluent's .NET client for Apache Kafka and the Confluent Platform.

Features:

  • High performance - confluent-kafka-dotnet is a lightweight wrapper around librdkafka, a finely tuned C client.

  • Reliability - There are a lot of details to get right when writing an Apache Kafka client. We get them right in one place (librdkafka) and leverage this work across all of our clients (also confluent-kafka-python and confluent-kafka-go).

  • Supported - Commercial support is offered by Confluent.

  • Future proof - Confluent, founded by the creators of Kafka, is building a streaming platform with Apache Kafka at its core. It's high priority for us that client features keep pace with core Apache Kafka and components of the Confluent Platform.

confluent-kafka-dotnet is derived from Andreas Heider's rdkafka-dotnet. We're fans of his work and were very happy to have been able to leverage rdkafka-dotnet as the basis of this client. Thanks Andreas!

Referencing

confluent-kafka-dotnet is distributed via NuGet. We provide five packages:

  • Confluent.Kafka [net462, netstandard1.3, netstandard2.0] - The core client library.
  • Confluent.SchemaRegistry.Serdes.Avro [netstandard2.0] - Provides a serializer and deserializer for working with Avro serialized data with Confluent Schema Registry integration.
  • Confluent.SchemaRegistry.Serdes.Protobuf [netstandard2.0] - Provides a serializer and deserializer for working with Protobuf serialized data with Confluent Schema Registry integration.
  • Confluent.SchemaRegistry.Serdes.Json [netstandard2.0] - Provides a serializer and deserializer for working with Json serialized data with Confluent Schema Registry integration.
  • Confluent.SchemaRegistry [netstandard1.4, netstandard2.0] - Confluent Schema Registry client (a dependency of the Confluent.SchemaRegistry.Serdes packages).

To install Confluent.Kafka from within Visual Studio, search for Confluent.Kafka in the NuGet Package Manager UI, or run the following command in the Package Manager Console:

Install-Package Confluent.Kafka -Version 2.4.0

To add a reference to a dotnet core project, execute the following at the command line:

dotnet add package -v 2.4.0 Confluent.Kafka

Note: Confluent.Kafka depends on the librdkafka.redist package which provides a number of different builds of librdkafka that are compatible with common platforms. If you are on one of these platforms this will all work seamlessly (and you don't need to explicitly reference librdkafka.redist). If you are on a different platform, you may need to build librdkafka manually (or acquire it via other means) and load it using the Library.Load method.

Branch builds

Nuget packages corresponding to all commits to release branches are available from the following nuget package source (Note: this is not a web URL - you should specify it in the nuget package manager): https://ci.appveyor.com/nuget/confluent-kafka-dotnet. The version suffix of these nuget packages matches the appveyor build number. You can see which commit a particular build number corresponds to by looking at the AppVeyor build history

Usage

For a step-by-step guide and code samples, see Getting Started with Apache Kafka and .NET on Confluent Developer.

You can also take the free self-paced training course Apache Kafka for .NET Developers on Confluent Developer.

Take a look in the examples directory and at the integration tests for further examples.

For an overview of configuration properties, refer to the librdkafka documentation.

Basic Producer Examples

You should use the ProduceAsync method if you would like to wait for the result of your produce requests before proceeding. You might typically want to do this in highly concurrent scenarios, for example in the context of handling web requests. Behind the scenes, the client will manage optimizing communication with the Kafka brokers for you, batching requests as appropriate.

using System;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Confluent.Kafka;

class Program
{
    public static async Task Main(string[] args)
    {
        var config = new ProducerConfig { BootstrapServers = "localhost:9092" };

        // If serializers are not specified, default serializers from
        // `Confluent.Kafka.Serializers` will be automatically used where
        // available. Note: by default strings are encoded as UTF8.
        using (var p = new ProducerBuilder<Null, string>(config).Build())
        {
            try
            {
                var dr = await p.ProduceAsync("test-topic", new Message<Null, string> { Value = "test" });
                Console.WriteLine($"Delivered '{dr.Value}' to '{dr.TopicPartitionOffset}'");
            }
            catch (ProduceException<Null, string> e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine($"Delivery failed: {e.Error.Reason}");
            }
        }
    }
}

Note that a server round-trip is slow (3ms at a minimum; actual latency depends on many factors). In highly concurrent scenarios you will achieve high overall throughput out of the producer using the above approach, but there will be a delay on each await call. In stream processing applications, where you would like to process many messages in rapid succession, you would typically use the Produce method instead:

using System;
using Confluent.Kafka;

class Program
{
    public static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        var conf = new ProducerConfig { BootstrapServers = "localhost:9092" };

        Action<DeliveryReport<Null, string>> handler = r =>
            Console.WriteLine(!r.Error.IsError
                ? $"Delivered message to {r.TopicPartitionOffset}"
                : $"Delivery Error: {r.Error.Reason}");

        using (var p = new ProducerBuilder<Null, string>(conf).Build())
        {
            for (int i = 0; i < 100; ++i)
            {
                p.Produce("my-topic", new Message<Null, string> { Value = i.ToString() }, handler);
            }

            // wait for up to 10 seconds for any inflight messages to be delivered.
            p.Flush(TimeSpan.FromSeconds(10));
        }
    }
}

Basic Consumer Example

using System;
using System.Threading;
using Confluent.Kafka;

class Program
{
    public static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        var conf = new ConsumerConfig
        {
            GroupId = "test-consumer-group",
            BootstrapServers = "localhost:9092",
            // Note: The AutoOffsetReset property determines the start offset in the event
            // there are not yet any committed offsets for the consumer group for the
            // topic/partitions of interest. By default, offsets are committed
            // automatically, so in this example, consumption will only start from the
            // earliest message in the topic 'my-topic' the first time you run the program.
            AutoOffsetReset = AutoOffsetReset.Earliest
        };

        using (var c = new ConsumerBuilder<Ignore, string>(conf).Build())
        {
            c.Subscribe("my-topic");

            CancellationTokenSource cts = new CancellationTokenSource();
            Console.CancelKeyPress += (_, e) => {
                // Prevent the process from terminating.
                e.Cancel = true;
                cts.Cancel();
            };

            try
            {
                while (true)
                {
                    try
                    {
                        var cr = c.Consume(cts.Token);
                        Console.WriteLine($"Consumed message '{cr.Value}' at: '{cr.TopicPartitionOffset}'.");
                    }
                    catch (ConsumeException e)
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine($"Error occured: {e.Error.Reason}");
                    }
                }
            }
            catch (OperationCanceledException)
            {
                // Ensure the consumer leaves the group cleanly and final offsets are committed.
                c.Close();
            }
        }
    }
}

IHostedService and Web Application Integration

The Web example demonstrates how to integrate Apache Kafka with a web application, including how to implement IHostedService to realize a long running consumer poll loop, how to register a producer as a singleton service, and how to bind configuration from an injected IConfiguration instance.

Exactly Once Processing

The .NET Client has full support for transactions and idempotent message production, allowing you to write horizontally scalable stream processing applications with exactly once semantics. The ExactlyOnce example demonstrates this capability by way of an implementation of the classic "word count" problem, also demonstrating how to use the FASTER Key/Value store (similar to RocksDb) to materialize working state that may be larger than available memory, and incremental rebalancing to avoid stop-the-world rebalancing operations and unnecessary reloading of state when you add or remove processing nodes.

Schema Registry Integration

The three "Serdes" packages provide serializers and deserializers for Avro, Protobuf and JSON with Confluent Schema Registry integration. The Confluent.SchemaRegistry nuget package provides a client for interfacing with Schema Registry's REST API.

Note: All three serialization formats are supported across Confluent Platform. They each make different tradeoffs, and you should use the one that best matches to your requirements. Avro is well suited to the streaming data use-case, but the quality and maturity of the non-Java implementations lags that of Java - this is an important consideration. Protobuf and JSON both have great support in .NET.

Error Handling

Errors delivered to a client's error handler should be considered informational except when the IsFatal flag is set to true, indicating that the client is in an un-recoverable state. Currently, this can only happen on the producer, and only when enable.idempotence has been set to true. In all other scenarios, clients will attempt to recover from all errors automatically.

Although calling most methods on the clients will result in a fatal error if the client is in an un-recoverable state, you should generally only need to explicitly check for fatal errors in your error handler, and handle this scenario there.

Producer

When using Produce, to determine whether a particular message has been successfully delivered to a cluster, check the Error field of the DeliveryReport during the delivery handler callback.

When using ProduceAsync, any delivery result other than NoError will cause the returned Task to be in the faulted state, with the Task.Exception field set to a ProduceException containing information about the message and error via the DeliveryResult and Error fields. Note: if you await the call, this means a ProduceException will be thrown.

Consumer

All Consume errors will result in a ConsumeException with further information about the error and context available via the Error and ConsumeResult fields.

3rd Party

There are numerous libraries that expand on the capabilities provided by Confluent.Kafka, or use Confluent.Kafka to integrate with Kafka. For more information, refer to the 3rd Party Libraries page.

Confluent Cloud

For a step-by-step guide on using the .NET client with Confluent Cloud see Getting Started with Apache Kafka and .NET on Confluent Developer.

You can also refer to the Confluent Cloud example which demonstrates how to configure the .NET client for use with Confluent Cloud.

Developer Notes

Instructions on building and testing confluent-kafka-dotnet can be found here.

Copyright (c) 2016-2019 Confluent Inc. 2015-2016 Andreas Heider

KAFKA is a registered trademark of The Apache Software Foundation and has been licensed for use by confluent-kafka-dotnet. confluent-kafka-dotnet has no affiliation with and is not endorsed by The Apache Software Foundation.

Product Compatible and additional computed target framework versions.
.NET net5.0 was computed.  net5.0-windows was computed.  net6.0 is compatible.  net6.0-android was computed.  net6.0-ios was computed.  net6.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net6.0-macos was computed.  net6.0-tvos was computed.  net6.0-windows was computed.  net7.0 was computed.  net7.0-android was computed.  net7.0-ios was computed.  net7.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net7.0-macos was computed.  net7.0-tvos was computed.  net7.0-windows was computed.  net8.0 was computed.  net8.0-android was computed.  net8.0-browser was computed.  net8.0-ios was computed.  net8.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net8.0-macos was computed.  net8.0-tvos was computed.  net8.0-windows was computed. 
.NET Core netcoreapp1.0 was computed.  netcoreapp1.1 was computed.  netcoreapp2.0 was computed.  netcoreapp2.1 was computed.  netcoreapp2.2 was computed.  netcoreapp3.0 was computed.  netcoreapp3.1 was computed. 
.NET Standard netstandard1.3 is compatible.  netstandard1.4 was computed.  netstandard1.5 was computed.  netstandard1.6 was computed.  netstandard2.0 is compatible.  netstandard2.1 was computed. 
.NET Framework net46 was computed.  net461 was computed.  net462 is compatible.  net463 was computed.  net47 was computed.  net471 was computed.  net472 was computed.  net48 was computed.  net481 was computed. 
MonoAndroid monoandroid was computed. 
MonoMac monomac was computed. 
MonoTouch monotouch was computed. 
Tizen tizen30 was computed.  tizen40 was computed.  tizen60 was computed. 
Universal Windows Platform uap was computed.  uap10.0 was computed. 
Xamarin.iOS xamarinios was computed. 
Xamarin.Mac xamarinmac was computed. 
Xamarin.TVOS xamarintvos was computed. 
Xamarin.WatchOS xamarinwatchos was computed. 
Compatible target framework(s)
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NuGet packages (637)

Showing the top 5 NuGet packages that depend on Confluent.Kafka:

Package Downloads
Confluent.SchemaRegistry

A .NET Client for Confluent Schema Registry

Confluent.SchemaRegistry.Serdes.Avro

Provides an Avro Serializer and Deserializer for use with Confluent.Kafka with Confluent Schema Registry integration

AspNetCore.HealthChecks.Kafka

HealthChecks.Kafka is the health check package for Kafka.

Confluent.SchemaRegistry.Serdes.Protobuf

Provides a Protobuf Serializer and Deserializer for use with Confluent.Kafka with Confluent Schema Registry integration

Confluent.SchemaRegistry.Serdes.Json

Provides a JSON Serializer and Deserializer for use with Confluent.Kafka with Confluent Schema Registry integration

GitHub repositories (66)

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Distributed Application Framework for .NET
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Version Downloads Last updated
2.4.0 90,013 5/7/2024
2.4.0-RC2 197 5/7/2024
2.3.0 4,470,217 10/25/2023
2.3.0-RC4 3,356 10/25/2023
2.3.0-RC3 2,825 10/23/2023
2.2.0 4,064,058 7/12/2023
2.2.0-RC2 3,244 7/12/2023
2.1.1 3,329,124 5/4/2023
2.1.1-RC1 3,932 4/26/2023
2.1.0 1,474,828 4/6/2023
2.1.0-RC3 3,128 4/5/2023
2.0.2 4,200,912 1/23/2023
1.9.4-RC1 142,577 9/21/2022
1.9.3 10,057,517 9/12/2022
1.9.2 3,810,944 8/2/2022
1.9.0 3,822,111 6/16/2022
1.8.2 12,202,951 10/19/2021
1.8.1 999,936 9/20/2021
1.8.0 292,501 9/16/2021
1.7.0 6,486,939 5/19/2021
1.7.0-RC4 9,073 4/23/2021
1.6.3 7,009,813 3/19/2021
1.6.2 1,339,867 2/25/2021
1.5.3 3,039,908 12/9/2020
1.5.2 3,734,886 10/20/2020
1.5.1 2,210,881 8/20/2020
1.5.0 1,602,961 7/21/2020
1.4.4 1,987,207 6/29/2020
1.4.3 2,286,725 5/19/2020
1.4.2 905,332 5/6/2020
1.4.0 1,727,647 4/3/2020
1.3.0 4,821,583 12/4/2019
1.2.2 685,891 11/14/2019
1.2.1 985,230 10/9/2019
1.2.0 824,924 9/19/2019
1.1.0 1,671,535 6/27/2019
1.0.1.1 1,102,150 6/3/2019
1.0.1 190,941 5/28/2019
1.0.0 530,261 4/25/2019
1.0.0-beta3 121,524 2/7/2019
1.0.0-beta2 649,825 10/15/2018
1.0.0-beta 96,292 9/24/2018
0.11.6 1,655,824 10/19/2018
0.11.5 602,300 7/19/2018
0.11.4 837,783 3/29/2018
0.11.3 559,853 12/4/2017
0.11.2 168,810 10/24/2017
0.11.1 14,928 10/18/2017
0.11.0 185,756 7/19/2017
0.9.5 151,216 4/21/2017
0.9.4 25,462 3/1/2017